Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 12-7-2023


This review explores the effectiveness of Nurse Practitioner (NP) residency programs in addressing role strain, burnout, and retaining new graduates. It emphasizes the factors contributing to NP resignations and proposes formal residency programs to improve job satisfaction and retention rates. Research highlights benefits such as enhanced preparedness, credibility, and better patient care, advocating for increased program accessibility and funding. Additionally, the application of the theory of planned behavior underscores compliance with regulations, evidence-based practice, and environmental influences for patient safety in advanced practice registered nursing. The literature review on NP residency programs draws from six empirical articles, focusing on job satisfaction, retention, and confidence among new NPs, demonstrating the supportive role of these programs during the transition to practice. Assessments using MNPJSS and NP-PCOCQ confirm their reliability in measuring NP satisfaction and organizational climate. While studies suggest a significant association between NP residency completion and increased satisfaction and retention, some lack direct statistical evidence. Advocating for legislative changes, the review emphasizes the positive impact of NP residency programs as a solution to retain new graduates, improve skills, and address the growing demand for primary care providers.